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Open Form: Rearrangeable Images

[pieces intended to be rearranged at will by the spectator, the collector, or the curator]

Yaacov Agam: 8 + 1 in motion, 1953.

The white sticks can be repositioned and rotated.

Paul Talman: Kugelbilder, 1965.

The two-colored balls can be rotated.



Robert Rauschenberg: Shades, 1964. (6 plexiglass panels which can be arbitrarily repositioned.)

"Mathematicians have calculated that there are over six million different arrangements of Shades." [Edward A. Foster: Robert Rauschenberg: Prints 1948/1970, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1970.] 


Robert Rauschenberg: Revolvers, 1967
(2 parts: one colored, one black & white).
5 plexiglass panels which can be arbitrarily rotated.


Robert Rauschenberg: Passport, 1967.
(3 plexiglass panels.)

    Hein Eberson (Trademark™):  U-frame, 1999.


Reiner Kallhardt: P9 = 9! – 1969.
(The elements can be freely rearranged.)

Jan Henderikse: Myrtle, 2002.
(The elements can be freely rearranged.)

Modular Paintings
Paul Panhuysen & Johan Goedhart: Modular Paintings, 1977.
Paul Bos: Padded Tile Piece, 1979.


Compiled by Remko Scha, 2002